Thyroid nodules are lumps of cells that can grow in the thyroid gland, which is located at the base of the neck. Thyroid nodules are relatively common and seen in approximately 30% of adults. In most cases, they are benign, meaning they are not harmful and cause few symptoms. In rare cases, thyroid nodules may become malignant (cancerous).
Small, benign thyroid nodules often do not produce any symptoms. However, if they do grow in size and/or become symptomatic, an individual may experience some of the following:
Thyroid nodules are seen most commonly in women of older age. However, there are more specific risk factors, including:
An ultrasound scan followed by Fine Needle Aspiration Sampling (FNAC) is done to determine the nature of the nodule (whether it is benign or malignant).
While surgical resection is the standard treatment for malignant nodules, benign nodules are usually monitored and if they grow in size, show abnormal features on an ultrasound scan or cause symptoms, the patient may consider treatment.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)
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