The aorta is the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Sometimes, because of aging or other medical conditions, a section of the aorta may weaken and begin to bulge like a balloon. This ballooning can enlarge over time as the walls of the aorta become thinner and stretch.
Normal healthy veins have valves within them that help to maintain continuous blood flow to the heart. These valves can get damaged or diseased leading to venous reflux disease. Varicose veins, swollen enlarged veins under the skin, develop as a result of venous reflux disease.
Peripheral arterial disease is narrowing of blood vessels supplying the blood flow to the limbs. The narrowing is because of hardening of arteries caused by cholesterol deposits within the arterial wall.
Vascular malformation is an abnormal collection of blood vessels. There are various types of vascular malformations in the body. The common types seen in practice are venous malformations and arterio-venous malformations.
This is a condition in which blood clots form spontaneously in the deep veins of the lower or upper limbs. The deep veins of the limbs serve to carry de-oxygenated blood back to the heart and lungs.
This is the narrowing of the arteries in the neck (carotid artery) that form the main blood supply to the brain. Narrowing and blockage of the carotid arteries can result in a major stroke.