What are some Common Vein Treatments?

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Curious about vein treatments? Visit the Vascular & Interventional Centre, a veins centre, Singapore, today!

In the human body, veins transport deoxygenated blood from parts of the body back to the heart. In some cases, it is important that we seek veins treatment in Singapore, to prevent further complications which may or may not endanger our lives. However, before we dive into treatment, what are some common vein diseases? This includes vein diseases such as:

  • Varicose veins. Varicose veins is a condition in which the valves in the veins have weakened, resulting in the backflow of blood in the veins, causing the veins to appear enlarged, bulging and twisted. This condition typically occurs in the leg, and patients may or may not experience any symptoms. This condition is mainly an aesthetic concern, so if you are worried about your condition, head down to a varicose veins doctor in Singapore, today!

  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition whereby a blood clot has formed in the deep veins of the body, typically in the arms and/or legs. As a result, the flow of blood from the deep veins back to the heart decreases. If parts of the blood clot breaks off and travels to the lungs, this condition can also lead to a potentially fatal condition known as pulmonary embolism (PE). If you suspect you have this condition, do visit a veins centre in Singapore, and seek treatment for your condition as soon as possible to prevent further complications.

  • Venous malformations. Venous malformations refer to the abnormal growth of veins in the body, causing the veins to appear as bluish, skin-coloured soft lumps under the skin. The malformation can bleed, invade into surrounding tissues/organs, develop pain and cause heart failure and are disfiguring.

It is essential that you understand some of the common vein treatments offered for these conditions, as before you head down to seek veins treatment in Singapore, know what’s in store for you. Common vein treatments that are offered at the Vascular & Interventional Centre include:

  • Embolisation. Embolisation is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the blocking of a blood vessel, preventing the flow of blood through the vessel. This procedure is typically used to treat vascular malformations.

A catheter is inserted into a blood vessel at the groin through an incision in the groin area. Using fluoroscopy (a type of X-ray imaging), the catheter is then guided to the arteries leading to vascular malformations. Microspheres (small plastic particles) are injected through the catheter into the vascular malformation, filling up these blood vessels such that the blood flow through the vessel is blocked. [1]

  • Sclerotherapy. Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the injection of a medicine into a blood vessel, causing them to shrink. This procedure is typically used to treat varicose veins and spider veins.

Sclerosant is injected into the blood vessel, damaging the walls of the blood vessel, causing it to be irritated. As a result, the blood vessel walls collapse, thus sticking together and causing blood to clot as well. [2] .

  • Thrombolysis. Thrombolysis is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to break up the blood clot(s) that are restricting the blood flow in the blood vessels, improving blood flow through the deep vein and preventing further complications. This treatment option is mostly used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT). However, this procedure is only performed for extensive deep vein thrombosis cases that are about two weeks old.

This procedure combines the use of both mechanical devices and medicine to dissolve the clots. Through a catheter, medicine is injected into the deep vein containing the clot. Through the injection of the medicine, the blood clot(s) are dissolved, restoring blood flow through the deep vein. Thereafter, your doctor may decide to use a stent to keep the widened blood vessel open.

  • Radio frequency ablation (RFA). Radio frequency ablation makes use of radio waves to cause the sealing of varicose veins. This is a minimally invasive procedure that is mainly used for the treatment of varicose veins, and it is a relatively safe and fast procedure and takes less than an hour to be completed. 

In radio frequency ablation, radio waves are used to heat up and damage the vein walls. As such, this causes scars on the walls of the varicose veins, and it is because of the scar tissues that the varicose veins seal off, thus causing blood to be directed to other healthy veins.

  • Venseal™/VenaBlock Glue Closure. This is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat varicose veins. This procedure makes use of a small amount of medicine to seal off the varicose vein, directing the blood flow to the other healthy veins, thus getting rid of the varicose veins. This is a very quick and safe procedure that can be completed within an hour.

  • Clarivein™ Mechanochemical Ablation. This is a minimally invasive procedure that makes use of the mechanical and chemical closure of the varicose vein. This procedure is used to treat mainly varicose veins and can also be completed within an hour.

Firstly, through the use of a special catheter that has a wire rotating at high speed, the inner walls of the varicose vein are damaged. Then, at the same time, a sclerosant, a chemical that seals off veins, is also injected into the vein. This is a relatively painless procedure that requires less local anaesthesia injections as compared to other procedures. Additionally, there is no risk of damaging the nearby blood vessels in this procedure as well, hence, it is relatively safe.

  • Cryo-Laser and Cryo-Sclerotherapy (CLaCs). This is a minimally invasive procedure that is commonly used to treat vascular malformations as well as varicose veins. It is also suitable for spider veins.

CLaCs combine both transdermal laser and injection sclerotherapy using a chemical sclerosant (a chemical that seals off veins), while keeping the skin at a cool temperature of about -20℃. This process leaves minimal scarring and pigmentation, and is relatively painless.

If you are looking for treatment for any of the above conditions, such as varicose veins, it is best to speak to a doctor, such as a varicose vein doctor, Singapore, first to see which is the best treatment option for your condition. The Vascular & Interventional Centre is a veins centre, Singapore, and we provide the range of treatment options listed above for various vein diseases. Head down to our clinic at the Novena Specialist Centre today to receive veins treatment, Singapore!

Contact us with the details below:

+65 6694 6270 (Call)

+65 9898 3595 (WhatsApp)

[email protected] (Email)

Novena Specialist Centre #06-08, 16-19

8 Sinaran Drive, Singapore 307470


[1] https://www.cirse.org/patients/ir-procedures/embolisation-for-vascular-malformations/

[2] https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/cosmetic-procedures-sclerotherapy