WHAT IS VASCULAR DISEASE?

The vascular system comprises of the blood vessels in a person’s body, such as the arteries, veins and capillaries. These vessels are responsible for carrying blood to and from the heart. Arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to all parts of the body, including the brain, limbs and vital organs. Veins carry blood back to the heart. Vascular disease are abnormal conditions of the blood vessels. Any problems affecting the vascular system can lead to severe medical consequences, including disability or death. It is important to diagnose and treat vascular conditions early.

WHO SHOULD SEE A VASCULAR SPECIALIST?

  1. Asymptomatic aortic aneurysm or dissection of the chest, abdomen or pelvis
  2. Asymptomatic neck (carotid) artery narrowing
  3. Pain in calf or thigh when walking (claudication pain due to artery narrowing)
  4. Congenital vascular malformations of face, limbs and body
  5. Uncontrolled high blood pressure or kidney failure with evidence of kidney artery narrowing
  6. Ulcers or skin changes due to varicose veins
  7. Painful varicose veins
  8. Unexplained swelling of upper and lower limbs
  9. Renal dialysis access creation and maintenance

WHAT DOES A VASCULAR SURGEON DO?

A Vascular Surgeon is a highly trained doctor who has significant experience in helping patients manage their vascular conditions. This is done through medical therapy; minimally-invasive catheter and interventional endovascular procedures; and traditional open surgical reconstruction procedures. A Vascular Surgeon performs these procedures on nearly all arteries and veins of the body.

WHAT IS VASCULAR SURGERY?

Vascular Surgery is a sub-speciality of surgery which is dedicated to the diagnosis, management and treatment of conditions affecting blood vessels including the arteries, veins and the lymphatic system. Traditionally, much of vascular surgery was done through open surgical reconstruction and techniques. These techniques were sometimes associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Today however, technological advances in vascular diagnostics and therapy have led to an increasing number of vascular disorders being detected and treated earlier. More specifically, the field of endovascular surgery- in which wires, catheters and stents are inserted through small artery/vein punctures – has made interventions for vascular diseases safer and less traumatic for patients. Patients recover much faster and are able to return to their daily functions earlier. This has significantly changed the way vascular surgery is practised for many major vascular conditions.

WHICH VASCULAR CONDITIONS REQUIRE EMERGENCY CARE?

  1. Ruptured or leaking aortic aneurysm of the chest, abdomen or pelvis
  2. Acute aortic dissection of the chest, abdomen or pelvis
  3. Sudden stroke or mini-strokes (Transient Ischaemic Attacks -TIAs)
  4. Sudden cold, numb, pale, weak and painful limbs (Acute limb ischaemia)
  5. Sudden abdominal pain that is severe and non-resolving (Acute bowel ischaemia)
  6. Non-healing wounds and gangrene of the limbs
  7. Wound infection in patients with diabetes
  8. Sudden swelling and pain of limbs due to Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)
  9. Bleeding from varicose veins
  10. Sudden blockage of hemodialysis fistulas and grafts
  11. Injuries to arteries of the body and limbs