What Conditions Does a Vascular Centre Treat?

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The Vascular & Interventional Centre is a vascular centre in Singapore, with specialists like Dr. Benjamin Chua and Dr. Manish Taneja who treat conditions ranging from artery diseases to cancer.

Listed below are the conditions that the Vascular and Interventional Centre offers treatment for.

ARTERY DISEASES

  • Stroke
    • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
      • TIA is a type of stroke that lasts for only a few minutes, typically due to a temporary block in the blood flow towards the brain.
    • Ischemic Stroke
      • Ischemic stroke is a stroke whereby there is a block in the blood flow towards the brain, caused by blockages in the blood vessels.
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
      • Hemorrhagic stroke is a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain due to a burst blood vessel.
  • Brain Aneurysm
    • Brain aneurysm is the ballooning of a blood vessel in the brain which if left untreated, there is a risk of rupturing and can cause stroke and eventually, death.
  • Carotid Artery Disease (CAD)
    • CAD occurs when one or two of the main neck arteries that supply blood to the neck and brain are blocked due to fatty deposits. These blockages increase the risk of stroke, as it reduces or blocks the blood flow to the brain. [1]
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
    • PAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the limbs narrow, commonly due to the buildup of fatty deposits in the blood vessels.
  • Aortic Aneurysm (AA)
    • AA is the ballooning of the aorta, the largest artery in the human body. There are 3 types of AA classified by where it occurs.
      • Thoracic AA (occurs in the chest)
      • Abdomen AA (occurs in the abdomen)
      • Thoracoabdominal AA (occurs in both the chest and the abdomen)
    • It can be dangerous to leave AAs untreated, as overtime, there is a risk of bursting, which can result in internal bleeding and eventually, death.

VEIN DISEASES

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
    • DVT is a disease where blood clots have been formed in a deep vein, typically below the knees in the legs or in the forearm. However, patients who have developed DVT at areas nearer the heart are at greater risk of pulmonary embolism.
  • Varicose veins
    • Varicose veins is a condition whereby the valves in the veins have been weakened or damaged. As a result, blood is allowed to flow in the opposite direction. Generally, varicose veins appear blue or purple in colour and occur in the legs as enlarged and twisted veins. [2]

VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS

  • Arteriovenous malformations (AVM)
    • AVM occurs when blood vessels in the body develop incorrectly, where veins and arteries grow in place of capillaries. [3] 
  • Venous malformations (VM)
    • VM refers to the abnormal development of veins in the body. They can often be seen as enlarged, tangled veins, and they may appear as bluish or skin coloured soft lumps under the skin. [4]
  • Lymphovenous malformations (LVM)
    • LVM are rare, non-malignant masses consisting of fluid-filled channels or spaces caused by the abnormal development of the lymphatic system. They can appear at any part of one’s body and can potentially cause the functional impairment of nearby organs and/or structures and the disfigurement of affected areas. [5]
  • Dural Arteriovenous Fistula
    • Dural Arteriovenous Fistula occurs when there are abnormal connections that have formed between the arteries and the veins in the brain or spinal cord. They result in congestion in the brain’s venous system, which can eventually lead to brain dysfunction. [6]
  • Hemangioma
    • Hemangiomas appear as a bright red birthmark on infants, and are caused due to the extra growth of blood vessels under the skin. They can occur anywhere on the body, and will typically disappear by age 10. However, you should seek treatment if they still persist once. [7] 


ACCESS FOR KIDNEY DIALYSIS

For patients who require kidney dialysis, our clinic, the Vascular & Interventional Centre, provides procedures for patients to obtain vascular access for hemodialysis. Vascular access refers to the process where a tube is inserted into the patient’s bloodstream to allow for easy access to their veins. There are three types of vascular access:

  • Tunneled Dialysis Catheter (PermCath)
  • Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF)
  • Arteriovenous Graft (AVG)

MEN’S HEALTH

  • Erectile dysfunction
    • Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve and maintain an erection firm enough to have sexual intercourse. [8] 
  • Benign prostate hyperplasia
    • Benign prostate hyperplasia occurs when the prostate in a male’s body becomes enlarged. However, this condition is not cancerous.
  • Varicocele
    • Varicocele is the enlargement of the veins within the scrotum, which is the loose bag of skin that holds your testicles. This condition can result in the low production of sperm or low sperm count. [9]

WOMEN’S HEALTH

  • Uterine fibroids
    • Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the uterus that are common in women. Fibroids can cause pelvic pain and heavy menstrual flow.
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome
    • Pelvic congestion syndrome is a condition which affects women, and causes chronic pelvic pain. They are generally caused by varicose veins in the lower abdomen, pelvis and around the womb.

BENIGN TUMOURS AND CANCERS

  • Thyroid Nodules
    • Thyroid nodules are a condition where solid or fluid-filled lumps form at the thyroid, the gland located at the base of one’s neck. [10]
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Liver and Kidney tumours and cancers

LEG SWELLING

  • Lymphoedema
    • Lymphoedema is a condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of lymph (a fluid which carries essential substances such as water, proteins, white blood cells, fats etc) in the limbs. This condition results in swelling in the limbs. [11]

PAIN MANAGEMENT

  • Our pain management doctors at our vascular centre Singapore treat various conditions.

WEIGHT LOSS

  • For overweight patients who have found it particularly hard to achieve weight loss, our clinic provides treatment for those who have difficulty in decreasing their body mass. Maintaining a healthy body mass is extremely important, as increased body mass is often associated with multiple health diseases, such as stroke and heart attack.

If you want to know more about the treatments we provide for these conditions, head down to our clinic, at The Vascular & Interventional Centre.  

Contact us with the details below:

+65 6694 6270 (Call)

+65 9898 3595 (WhatsApp)

[email protected] (Email)

Novena Specialist Centre #06-08, 16-19

8 Sinaran Drive, Singapore 307470

REFERENCES

[1] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carotid-artery-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20360519

[2] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicose-veins/symptoms-causes/syc-20350643

[3] https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/arteriovenous-malformations

[4] https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/venous-malformations.html

[5] https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/lymphatic-malformations/

[6] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas/symptoms-causes/syc-20364280

[7] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemangioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20352334

[8] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/erectile-dysfunction/symptoms-causes/syc-20355776

[9] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/varicocele/symptoms-causes/syc-20378771

[10] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-nodules/symptoms-causes/syc-20355262

[11] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lymphedema/symptoms-causes/syc-20374682